The dashboards on this page include data on poverty rate by race and ethnicity, as well as age. Poverty rate is the share of people whose income is below the poverty level as defined by the Census Bureau.

Poverty rate by race and ethnicity

This dashboard shows poverty rate across Virginia from 2010 to 2022 by race and ethnicity.

Data is available at the state, CBSA, and locality level.

Poverty rate by age

This dashboard shows poverty rate across Virginia from 2010 to 2022 by age.

It is important to note that the poverty rate among the 18 to 24 age group is often much higher than expected in communities with a large number of off-campus college students, who have little to no reported income. While there are methods to exclude these individuals from a community’s poverty rate (see “Additional resources” below), they are beyond the capacity for this dashboard to show.

Data sources

American Community Survey (ACS)

The American Community Survey is an ongoing survey program of the U.S. Census Bureau. The ACS collects information about the nation’s social, economic, housing, and demographic characteristics on an annual basis. This information provides the most-up-to-date estimates between decennial censuses.

This section uses data from one ACS table:

  • Table B17001: Poverty Status by Sex by Age (iterations by race and ethnicity)

The most recent data used for this section are the 2018-2022 5-year estimates. These estimates average all survey responses across this period to increase sample sizes and reduce margins of error. Data from the previous 5-year estimates are also used as a baseline to show change over time.

The data contained in Sourcebook is intended for informational, educational and research uses. The information may not be used for commercial purposes or re-marketed. Any reproduction and distribution of this information must clearly identify HousingForward Virginia and Sourcebook as the provider of the information.

Sourcebook is made possible by: